Ageing gracefully with retirement homes


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The demand for retirement homes has been going up continuously in the country. Here is a look at the current trend and future of this segment.

Times have changed and so has the definition of retirement. Today, senior citizens want to retire on their own terms and at a place of their choice. When more and more of India’s younger generation is taking to work or study abroad or wanting to live an independent life, devoid of the responsibility of their ageing parents and grandparents in their own country, senior citizens are showing interest in living an independent life away from the humdrum of the city even at the cost of being alone. This trend has given rise to the concept of retirement homes in India.

A serene and peaceful environment to live is what is desired by most of the senior citizens these days and the retirement homes provide just that. Although this concept is not new and quiet popular in the West, India started to look at it positively not long ago.

Current trends

Although, more than 50 percent of the Indian population falls below the age of 25, the country is also ageing rapidly. According to the projections, India’s elderly population would rise to 323 million seniors by the middle of the century. In fact, as per the United Nations Population Division, people aged 60 and above may increase from eight percent in 2010 to 19 percent in 2050. Thus, it would not be wrong to say that there is huge scope for development and growth of retirement homes in the country.

While during the 1980s and 1990s, senior care in India was confined to old age homes only, things have changed drastically now. The concept of retirement homes has itself undergone a major change from the erstwhile image of being charitable institutions with minimum facilities to self-sufficient and active senior living communities/townships. Thus, retirement homes, a concept which first originated in southern states like Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, and Kerala, has now gained popularity across India.

Sentiments and outlook have changed considerably over the last few years. Furthermore, many elderly people now have sufficient monetary reserves and have begun valuing their independence even after retirement. Thus, developers have begun catering to this emerging demand and the concept is gaining ground rapidly.

Emerging locations for retirement homes

Locations such as outskirts of Mumbai like Bhiwandi, Delhi National Capital Region, Bangalore, Kolkata, Chennai, Pune, Coimbatore, Goa, Chandigarh, Jaipur, and Dehradun are emerging as attractive destinations for active senior living in India. Many builders are focusing on building such idyllic retreats in these regions.

Difference between retirement homes and usual projects

As opposed to small space, cramped roads, suffocated environment, and lack of safety measures in city apartments, retirement homes have more space, are situated away from the city, and equipped with better safety measures and facilities.

Since, the retirement homes are constructed for the elderly, developers in the segment have to ensure the following features in such homes:

Age-friendly design: It includes skid-resistant tiles and curved wall edges across the apartment floors, coloured light switches and grab-bars in bathrooms, and night lamps and emergency bell switches in the bedroom. Further, additional slip shield in wet areas and grab rails are included in the retirement homes to make them age-friendly.

Facilitating an active life: Supporting an active life is a must for retirement homes. Thus, retirement homes generally have various indoor and outdoor sports events, day trips, and festival celebrations. They also have swimming pools, games area, yoga and meditation classes, and other fitness options at the gym and activity centres. 

Safe and secured environment: Retirement homes need to ensure maximum safety and security to its residents. Thus, they are guarded 24x7 by trained and equipped security staff and have CCTV cameras for round-the-clock surveillance. They even have emergency response systems in each and every apartment to ensure added safety of the elderly.

Medical facilities: Complete and advanced medical facilities are readily available in the retirement homes. In fact, they provide 24x7 emergency care with and on-call doctors and ambulances.

Hassle-free living: To ensure a hassle-free life, most of the senior living projects have maintenance services offered by the in-house maintenance staff. Electricians, plumbers and repairmen are made available on call.

Thus, retirement homes typically include enhanced features that can make living for the elderly far more secure and comfortable. 

Challenges faced by developers in the segment

While there are various opportunities for growth, the segment is not devoid of challenges. The key challenges for the developers launching active senior living projects in the country are mainly the affordability factor and the lack of trained manpower sensitive to and capable of handling such specialised projects.

Bright future ahead

Despite the challenges, the future is bright for retirement homes segment in the country. The demand for retirement homes has been going up continuously, despite of initial apprehensions of Indian real estate sector. Today, many developers, including Ashiana Housing, are coming up with a variety of retirement homes in the country.

A report by international consulting firm Jones Lang LaSalle (JLL) estimates that there are about 32 senior living projects in India spanning across the country and about same number of homes are under construction.

Thus, definitely, these active senior living projects or popularly known as retirement homes in the country are bringing back the smile on the faces of the oldies. 

Disclaimer: The views expressed in the article are solely of the author and may not represent's opinions on the subject. does not take responsibility for any actions taken based on the information shared by the author.

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